We will then turn to the Dutch case and present our findings on female crime in the Netherlands over adult in The Hague Slots girlss eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In Germany the labour participation of adult in The Hague Slots girlss increased in the course of the nineteenth century, but increasing female employment rates did not result in higher female crime rates Indeed, in the second half of the eighteenth century the textile industry of Haarlem declined, and a considerable proportion of the employees working in this sector became unemployed. Clearly, the figures on female crime in Rotterdam between and resemble the fluctuations in female crime in other cities. Data on early modern Europe show that in France, England, and the Netherlands between and women played a much more prominent role in crime than in the twentieth century. King agreed that the proportion of female crime rates strongly fluctuated between andthough he links such changes to complex short-term developments, such as war and exceptional circumstances. The examinations of Chris Leonards on the nineteenth-century Dutch penitentiary institutions show that boys were increasingly imprisoned. The new private and patriarchal family resulted in a decline of recorded female crime Tegelaar, Vrouwencriminaliteit, p.